Our Profile

Mungbean, urdbean, lentil, lathyrus, rajmash and fieldpea together accounts for about 37 % of total pulses production in India. Therefore, these crops assumed greater significance in Indian Agriculture.   To give impetus for research on these crops in a coordinated manner at national level, the All India Coordinated Research Project on MULLaRP  was established under auspice of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). The abbreviation MULLaRP derives from first letter of each mandated crops i.e. Mungbean, Urdbean, Lentil, Lathyrus, Rajmash and Fieldpea.

The coordinated research programme on  MULLaRP  crops along with other pulses  started  with the establishment of  All India Coordinated Pulse Improvement Project (AICPIP) in the year 1966 at  Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. Later in 1978, the headquarter of AICPIP was shifted to the then Regional station of IARI at Kanpur. To provide focused attention on each crop, MULLaRP crops were separated from rest of the pulses under independent coordinated project AICRP on MULLaRP in 1993.

The AICRP on MULLaRP  has played a pioneering role in developing more than 60 high yielding and disease resistant  cultivars of mandated crops since 1993. Many of these have become popular among farmers and occupied prominence in seed chain. Every year about  3000 q of breeder seeds of these cultivars are being produced by its cooperating centres. The cultivar development programme paid dividend as the crops have been introduced in newer niches such as mungbean in summer season after the  harvest of wheat and potato in northern India, urdbean in rice fallow situation of coastal peninsula and rajmash in plains of north and central India during rabi season. Sincere efforts were also made for broadening the genetic base of cultivars by attempting wide hybridization among mungbean and urdbean which resulted into development of five  cultivars of mungbean and four of urdbean. With the use of exotics, large seeded lentils were also developed  which is reducing the import of large seeded lentils. The short duration dwarf varieties of fieldpea were developed which are being preferred by farmers as these are high yielding, input responsive and  suitable for  prevalent cropping systems. Efforts were also made in recommending good agronomic practices like use of pre and post - emergence herbicides for effective weed control, development of planting techniques, application of micronutrients for optimizing production and seed treatment for control of soil and seed borne diseases.

AICRP on MULLaRP achieves the above with about 103 specialized research staff from 26 centres situated in  different agro climatic zones of the country e.g. NHZ (North Hill Zone), NWPZ (North West Plain Zones), NEPZ (North East Plain Zones), CZ (Central Zone) and SZ (South Zone). These researchers are placed in different centres of  SAUs and institutes of ICAR where they work under mandate of the project in partnership through a large network. Besides, 8-10 volunteer centres like BARC also form the part of this network.

 Mandate

  • Implementation and coordination of multilocational, multidisciplinary and action oriented programmes for varietal development and testing
  • Genetic resource management and utilization
  • Introduction and promotion mandated crops in non-traditional niches.
  • Identification and evaluation of appropriate crop production and protection technologies for increasing productivity under different agro-ecological zones.
  • On-farm testing and transfer of improved technologies.
  • Nucleus and breeder seed production

Mandate Crops

  • Mungbean (Green gram) (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek)
  • Urdbean (Black gram) (Vigna mungo L. Hepper)
  • Lentil (Lens culinaris L.)
  • Lathyrus (Lathyrus sativus L.)
  • Rajmash (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)
  • Fieldpea (Pisum sativum L.)

Mungbean (Green gram) (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek)
Urdbean (Black gram) (Vigna mungo L. Hepper)
Lentil (Lens culinaris L.)
Lathyrus (Lathyrus sativus L.)
Rajmash (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)
Fieldpea (Pisum sativum L.)

Focus

  • Pre-breeding efforts for widening the genetic base
  • Genetic enhancement of yield through new and efficient plant types
  • Management of viral diseases
  • Identification of post- emergence herbicides
  • Varietal development with appropriate technology for rice fallow urdbean/ mungbean cultivation in coastal peninsular  region and lentil in north eastern region and Chattisgarh
  • Popularization of summer mungbean and short duration fieldpea for diversification of rice- wheat system of Indo- gangetic plains
  • Identification of more productive cropping system involving MULLaRP crops
  • Refinement of IPM module against major insect- pests and diseases